Rossana Castiglioni 氏 (Diego Portales大学准教授)
テーマ： Contemporary Social Policy in Latin America:Changes and Continuities
要旨: During the 1970s and 1980s, most Latin American countries confronted a deep macroeconomic crisis. The result of this complex scenario was a sharp increase of poverty and inequality. In order to overcome their economic misfortunes, Latin American nations undertook market-oriented reforms, stabilization, and structural adjustment, but failed to improve socioeconomic performance. Nonetheless, the new millennium saw a marked extension of coverage across different social policy areas, a widespread reduction of poverty, and a moderate decline of income inequality in some countries. This presentation discusses the changes and continuities that Latin America experienced in the realm of social policy as well as the possible reasons that explain the advances that most countries experienced since the early 2000s. Taking insights from the comparative social policy literature, it argues that a combination of factors, ranging from the presence of left-wing governments to the adoption of policy innovations, increasing levels of electoral competitiveness, civil society mobilization, and the availability of economic resources due to the commodity boom may account for the remarkable advances seen in the Latin American region.
使用言語： 英語 通訳なし