135.Diachrony and Synchrony in Language

Outline Periods
A fundamental distinction between diachrony and synchrony has been recognized since Ferdinand de Saussure (1857―1913), but the difference should rather be seen as one of methodology, with language itself having both diachronic and synchronic existence. This research team strives for a complementary use of diachrony and synchrony in addressing concrete problems in different individual languages and in describing and explaining linguistic change and variation both theoretically and philologically.